The Minister of Health, Dr Osagie Ehanire says 18. 2 million Nigerians were infected with viral hepatitis, as awareness, reporting, diagnosis and treatment of Hepatitis B and C remained low in the country.
Ehanire said this while addressing newsmen on Wednesday in Abuja in commemoration of the 2021 World Hepatitis Day with the theme: “Hepatitis Can’t-Wait!”
Advocate. ng gathered that Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver, showing five common viral hepatitis strains as A, B, C, D, and E, but with a hepatitis G virus identified recently.
Hepatitis A and E are transmitted through contaminated food, water, poor hygiene and close contact with carriers of the virus, while Hepatitis B, C and D are transmitted through blood, sexual intercourse, bodily fluids, kissing, sharing syringes and blades and touching wounds of infected persons.
Hepatitis G being the newly discovered viral hepatitis’ route of transmission is no different from that of B, C and D.
Studies revealed that hepatitis A and E were acute; last for a short time – less than six months – while hepatitis B, C, D and G may progress to chronic, lasting more than six months. Symptoms of viral hepatitis start from the asymptomatic, absence of symptoms, to mild or moderate features such as jaundice, a yellowish discolouration of the skin and eyes, poor appetite, malaise and progressing to chronic liver failure.
The minister stressed that Hepatitis remained a disease of public health importance, with the mortality rate from both infections still alarming, despite global progress made in addressing the disease.
He stated that 16 million Nigerians were estimated to be infected with Hepatitis B and 2.2 million with Hepatitis C, which represented an estimated prevalence rate of 8.1 per cent and 1.1 per cent respectively.
“In 2019, 3.8 per cent of the world’s population was living with Chronic Hepatitis B virus infection and 0.75 per cent with Hepatitis C infection,” he added
The minister described the 2021 theme as apt while calling for continuous efforts to manage and mitigate hepatitis in Nigeria.
” We adopted the national sub-theme “National ownership and financing for viral hepatitis elimination” as a clarion call to action by all stakeholders and acknowledged the need to increase engagement to realise the desired changes,” he said.
Ehanire also said that the ministry introduced policy documents and guidance for action with partner support, but regretted that ensuring optimal access to services remained a challenge, while the out-of-pocket payment was still the main source for financing treatment.
“The government recognizes the urgent need to address out-of-pocket payments and improve sustainable financing, to be on course to the elimination targets,” he added.
In view of Nigeria’s commitment to the 2030 viral Hepatitis elimination plan, the minister said it was essential to improve community engagement, political leadership, testing and treatment and scale up high-impact interventions.
He called on all Nigerians to work together to eliminate the “silent killer”, viral hepatitis by visiting a health facility for screening.
The WHO representative to Nigeria, Dr Walter Mulombo said the 2021 theme “hepatitis can’t wait” emphasized the urgent need for countries to rapidly improve access to services to prevent, diagnose and treat viral hepatitis.
“In Africa, including Nigeria, hepatitis is a silent epidemic: More than 90 million people are living with hepatitis in the region, accounting for 26 per cent of the global total.
“Around 4.5 million African children under five years, are infected with chronic hepatitis B, reflecting an enormous 70 per cent of the global burden in this age group.
“The global target of less than 1 per cent incidence of hepatitis B in children under 5 years has been reached, but the African Region is still lagging at 2.5 per cent,” Mulombo said.